Literature Entry

Congratulations to everyone! A journey has been completed in the life of MG's literature class. I wish you all the best with your exams.
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Literature Entry

Week 12

Last comments on Blake:

After a challenging yet fulfilling semester on the life of Blake, I will leave you all with what has become my favourite lines from this talented man.

"To see a world in a grain of sand,
And a heaven in a wild flower,
Hold infinity in the palm of your hand,
And eternity in an hour."

Blake makes the invisible visible, the intangable concrete".

*As a mystic Blake challenges the conventional doctrine
*Doesn't explain the meaning but only provides the image
*Within his words Blake challenges the way one percieves something
*Requires the use of the imagination
*Creation and nature can be percieved in his many works
*Blake breaks the boundaries of matter
*Doesn't confine himself to one particular concept

Such aspects are noted within the above extract from the "Auguries of innocence"

Is it possible to view this large world filled with so many things, in such a small piece of sand, which is so tiny and hard to see on its own? Blake is suggesting, one single grain of sand fitting the whole world with its entities.





Heaven is a place of beauty, peace, no harm or danger. It is perfect. Does a wild flower fit this category? Blake communicates that heaven may be compared to a wild flower, which may not make much sense considering it is out of nature to portray something so perfect with another that is untamed.





Infinity is ever lasting, it doesn't stop but lives forever. How does one hold on to something so big in something so small? Where Eternity is suggested to be conveyed in an hour glass. Is eternity an hour long?





It is necessary that one uses their imagination with this poem, and challenge the norm of ordinary perceptions which is what makes Blakes works interesting and engaging to extract.

Such images will forever remain with me, challenging me to see through the eye instead of with the eye, and allowing me to see what possibilities emerge from such perceptions.
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Literature Entry

Week 11

Comment on Roselie's Live Journal- The Marriage of Heaven and Hell

While reading Roselie's post, I found my self nodding in agreement with what she was illustrating about Blake and Jesus. "Blake can take a man, a great man, like Jesus and transform him into something real and someone that is now very much like us, full of burning desire and energy, someone who understands there will be causalities in order to make a change, someone who is not put on a pedestal, but has partaken in actions that have had grave consequences". Like Roselie depicts, such qualities can be found in Blake's writing.


THE MARRIAGE OF HEAVEN AND HELL

“If the doors of perception were cleansed,
everything would appear to man as it is—infinite.
For man has closed himself up till he sees things
through narrow chinks of his cavern.”

This verse alone states how Blake challenges and transforms the imagination- If we all had a sense of belief all would be pure, and eternal, however with the evil energies in the world man has been tempted and turned the other way- walking down a different path unable to see the light that is being offered to everyone.


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Literature Entry

Week 10
The Marriage of Heaven and Hell

I am glad to comment on Dianne’s page today. If you have not already seen this journal I encourage everyone to take a look at it. Dianne has an interesting range of poems that really do make one think about the deeper aspects of life.

The following is a poem that Dianne posted about the Marriage of Heaven and Hell.

Heaven
Back in the days when love at first sight
Was considered enough,
Love was considered enough
A smile was enough to see into their heart
True feelings
No mind readings
No games


Hell
Nowadays love needs a receipt


The essence of beauty lies in the wallet
What it can buy
For you,
Your family to be,
Or just you!!


What caught my eye with this poem was how Dianne has transformed the connotations of both Heaven and Hell into a modern context, which for me, made it easier to understand.
There is a direct transition that is highlighted and this may be further illustrated how time is constantly moving and changing - as is one’s perception on love. The stanza under ‘Heaven’ depicts perfection, no gimmicks or battles, just two people who love each other for whom they are and hold onto and chase that feeling until they have one another.

‘Hell’ as Dianne writes, involves a bitter game, where the concept of love has turned into signing pre nuptial agreements, one asking what can I get from this? “Love needs a receipt” We are constantly hearing of celebrity divorces who are fighting for everything, this in turn may become what individuals consider ‘love’ to be.

People are so caught in their own lives and own materialistic values, I think you have truly captured the journey of love throughout the centuries. I wonder what will continue to happen in the next generations?
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Literature Entry

Week Nine

Todays tutorial opened up more insight to the character of Oothoon while reading Blake's poem 'Mary' (400). This poem seems to have a change in voice, jumping from 3rd person, to 1st then back to 3rd.

The first four stanzas illustrate an angelic being, pure and innocent- this may be interpreted as character Oothoon in the Visions of Daughters of Albion, before she was humiliated and lost her innocence. The Mary in which Blake refers to in these first four stanzas may also be portrayed as the Virgin Mary, a lady of pure nature, innocence "an angel is here from the heavenly Climes".

This notion is suddenly changed when "some said she was proud to be called a whore". Now we are shown a lady who has lost her innocence and pure state. Again with reference to Oothoon, this may be noted to be after she has had an encounter with Bromion, taking away something she will never get back. In reference to the character of Mary, this may shift and be seen in the eyes of mary Magdalene. She was a character who is sometimes referred to as a prostitute and repentant sinner. "Her lillies and roses are blighted and shed" This statement is a historic tradition where one would pick a flower and give/ take away their sexuality. Being illustrated within the connotation of Mary being a 'whore' it seems as though she has definitely has a sexual encounter, which highlights a distinct contrast from the first stanzas and character within those.

"I'll refuse him my hand and from Envy be free". This has been said within the voice of the 1st person. I believe this has a direct reference to The Visions of Daughters of Albion, where Theotormon is so angry at Oothoon, for what Bromion has enforced upon her he will neither look at her, comfort her, nor love her- so due to this, Oothoon fights her most inner feelings and breaks free from her love for him and tries to move on from the devastation of Bromion and society.

"She went out in the Morning in plain neat attire, and came home in Evening bespattered with mire" This also highlights the notion of women losing or detracting from their lady like qualities in society. Women who would walk around town neatly dressed and hair pinned up would be classed a true lady, however when a lady had her down, this meant she had low and easy morals, such as prostitution. This is again a contrast in the poem with the pureness that was first mentioned and now the loose standards that are being observed.

"She forgot it was night and she trembled and cried, she forgot it was night, she forgot it was morn". The idea of forgetting the time of day may be represented by Oothoon and the fact she lives in the cave- constantly seeing nothing but shadows through the clouds and the sun.


The Virgin Mary




Mary Magdalene




Oothoon

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Literature Entry

Week Eight

Comment on Melissa's Journal "Mary".

This poem was one that I also touched on.

I understand what you are saying about the religious connotations within the poem, with 'Mary' being the mother of Christ. The first four stanzas illustrate an angelic being, pure and innocent- this may be interpreted as character Oothoon in the Visions of Daughters of Albion, before she was humiliated and lost her innocence. The Mary in which Blake refers to in these first four stanzas may also be portrayed as the Virgin Mary, a lady of pure nature, innocence "an angel is here from the heavenly Climes".


References to The Visions of Daughters of Albion:

This notion is suddenly changed when "some said she was proud to be called a whore". Now we are shown a lady who has lost her innocence and pure state. Again with reference to Oothoon, this may be noted to be after she has had an encounter with Bromion, taking away something she will never get back. In reference to the character of Mary, this may shift and be seen in the eyes of mary Magdalene. She was a character who is sometimes referred to as a prostitute and repentant sinner. "Her lillies and roses are blighted and shed" This statement is a historic tradition where one would pick a flower and give/ take away their sexuality. Being illustrated within the connotation of Mary being a 'whore' it seems as though she has definitely has a sexual encounter, which highlights a distinct contrast from the first stanzas and character within those.

"I'll refuse him my hand and from Envy be free". This has been said within the voice of the 1st person. I believe this has a direct reference to The Visions of Daughters of Albion, where Theotormon is so angry at Oothoon, for what Bromion has enforced upon her he will neither look at her, comfort her, nor love her- so due to this, Oothoon fights her most inner feelings and breaks free from her love for him and tries to move on from the devastation of Bromion and society.

"She went out in the Morning in plain neat attire, and came home in Evening bespattered with mire" This also highlights the notion of women losing or detracting from their lady like qualities in society. Women who would walk around town neatly dressed and hair pinned up would be classed a true lady, however when a lady had her down, this meant she had low and easy morals, such as prostitution. This is again a contrast in the poem with the pureness that was first mentioned and now the loose standards that are being observed.

"She forgot it was night and she trembled and cried, she forgot it was night, she forgot it was morn". The idea of forgetting the time of day may be represented by Oothoon and the fact she lives in the cave- constantly seeing nothing but shadows through the clouds and the sun.

I like the way you state "Blake is also using Mary to challenge his readers to see beyond the surface. He wants them to use their imagination and move away from the envious world we are caught up in." I see this as something that is so valid in today's society! It is interesting how Blake can write so many years ago, yet his morals still live on today!
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Literature Entry

Once again drawing in closer to the works of Blake give an opportunity for me to get to know what was happening in his life at that present time- allowing me to delve into another realm and imaginative state.




THE LITTLE BLACK BOY

This poem looks closely at the theme of relationships, where close communication between a mother and child is noted. The essence of the relationship may be a clear indicator of innocence. As the two sit under a large tree sheltering them both, the mother is illustrated warning him about the life he is about to live, where his external features and physical appearance will matter to some in this life, however; in the next life everything will be better. In heaven he will be treated and valued as one. The little black boy is later seen teaching a white boy, looking after him, just as his mother taught and instructed him. This is a precious image that relates with Blake's poem. It is amazing to see that the little black boy, who once was judged by others has now turned around and is teaching these people valuable lessons and looking after them. All evil is seen to be abolished. This is truly a touching poem, where those reading this text today could walk away learning something from Blake's writing. His experience has brought himself closer to God.

INFANT SORROW



I was left with various opinions after reading this poem.

IST READING

Whilst 'Infant Joy' leaves one feeling happy and warm and sets the scene of tranquility and peace, 'Infant sorrow' creates a dark and gloomy atmosphere whereby the child is born into an unwelcoming environment. The child’s parents weep and groan at the birth of their child obviously presenting us with the idea that they are unhappy e.g. "My mother groaned, my father wept". The use of negative words and images such as 'dangerous', 'helpless', 'naked', 'struggling' suggest the hard times that the child has yet to face. It is almost as though the child is born with an understanding and awareness of "the dangerous world" he is about to step into. It is as though upon birth we are 'gifted' by the world with restrictions. Our parents look after us and make decisions for us, restricting us from doing what we want- whether it be playing, eating lollies etc. However, as we grow older and mature we move out of our parents guard and into the wider world whereby society begins to lay restrictions upon us e.g. the law. Blake speaks through the child and savors the moment of being comfortable in his mothers arms as a child "Bound and weary, I thought best/To sulk upon my mother's breast."
My mother groand! My father wept, into the dangerous world I leapt" These first couple of lines may be taken a few different ways. The idea of the mother groaning could be the physical pain she is in from labor and giving birth to the child which is further followed by the father weeping at the joy and emotional experience and sight of this natural beauty.

I also saw the same lines to resemble the parents groaning and weeping at the fact that the child has entered the world full of dangers, which may be beyond their control- which is further highlighted by their sense of emotion.

2ND READING

Blake may also be speaking through the new born child and illustrating his views on infancy. The line to 'sulk upon my mothers breast' may be depicted as a negative connotation, or a survival tactic for the new born. This indeed may have been an unwanted birth, an unwanted child, and the parents are left to deal with what they been given. Written in the time of the depression, this poem shows that there were definitely hardships and furthermore Blake delivers this message that is showing how people are restricted even from the moment they enter the world.

3rd READING

The image below the poem in our text reveals a woman with her arms open, seemingly welcoming the child in to her arms. There is a hint of a grin that makes her seem loving towards her child. The child however seems to be squirming and wriggling; not facing his mother, he seems to be opening his arms to the universe, to the heavens, and avoiding his parentals. Perhaps the message of this poem is that even from birth the natural parental instincts are to bound, and protect your child. Perhaps the parents in this poem have limited their child's interaction and experience of the universe from his very first breath.

The second stanza suggests that the child does not want to be wrapped up and protected from the world.

The poem, however, ends with a haunting echo of hopelessness. The child, in his inability to squirm free from his parents hold, resorts to crying in his mother's breast. Maybe the child who feels over protected from the parents, and wants to go and experience nature but is wrapped up so much so that he/she cannot explore or 'bound' out and do this.

Do you think the child resorts to the suckling of the breast because this is only what the child seems able to do- be there with the parent in their arms under their guidance? And maybe this is the child's foreseen future. Being stuck at the constant tightness of authority, with no individual freedom. Maybe this is why the child latches to the breast, and gives up in a way knowing what life will be like.
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Best Live Entry Weeks 1-6

http://tamaralewis.livejournal.com/18540.html?mode=reply

WEEK ONE

WILLIAM BLAKE (1757-1827)



http://www.blakearchive.org/blake/about-blake.html


William Blake- an artist, writer and visionary.

When Blake's works are read with an open eye and imagination one can gain a deeper insight as to who Blake really is. In todays tutorial, the discussion on "My Vision of Blake" by Allen Ginsburg (519) created a discussion about how the miraculous can be found in everything. It is amazing to see how Ginsburg transforms everyday objects such as cornices, bricks and the blue sky into a state of awe and appreciation, all of which comes from reading the words of Blake. Here we see that it is not the tangible items that are important, he delves further into this concept and draws out the things that individuals seem to take for granted.

This passage that Ginsberg writes reminds me of Blakes art work "Sun God Hyperion", (discussed in tutorial) with all the emotion of the bright and intense colours surrounding one man, the hyperion with a face in resemblence of Blakes- deeming the notion that he is in the centre of all the forces that are surrounding him. The bright yellow sun may highlight the physical notion of a sun- the force which keeps everything going, hence creation, peace and eternity, which is also explained in Ginsbergs "My vision of Blake". Ginsberg states, "I saw into the depths of the universe, simply into the ancient sky. The sky suddenly seemed very ancient. And this was the very ancient place that he was talking about, the sweet golden climb". The 'sweet golden climb' may be initiated through the colour of the golden sun, mirroring the notion of the golden arches and the steps taken entering eternal life, creating a visual realisation.

Blake's works further illustrates various dark tones surrounding the brightness of the sun. This in fact may depict the dark forces being expelled by creation and the evils of society- which further make the sky seem very 'ancient'. The depths of the universe create such an awesome phenomena- the initiation of being "alive unto the creator" seem so distant, due to the distraction and materialism that is sensed within some individuals, being consumed by the tangible and eliminating the immediacy of God from within their lives.

Throughout such an illustration and perspectives of Allen Ginsberg, one may say that Blake enables a greater presence to be sensed in everything... Even in a minute object there is hugeness- "To find heaven in a grain of sand, and eternity within an hour".



Images retrieved from:

2005 The William Blake Archive
Morris Eaves, Robert N. Essick and Joseph Viscomi, Editors
William Blake Archive Home

Last Modified: Monday, October 30, 2006
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Nothing to do with Blake

This was an email that sent to me- some of may have seen it, but I thought I would post it just for a laugh.

THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN INDIAN YOGA AND AUSTRALIAN YOGA




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